This theory on Somatotype’s was first comprised by the American Psychologist named Dr. William Herbert Sheldon Jr.
It was during the 1940s when Professor Sheldon Jr developed his theory.
Throughout his career, Dr. Sheldon, used his extensive knowledge of the human physiology and developed this thesis.
Using measurements and calculations he categorized the human body types into three basic sub-categories.
This basic theory indicated that each human being, whether male or female, inhibits natural body tendencies that may be classified into the somatotypes known as:
Ectomorphic, Mesomorphic, and Endomorphic body types.
He would use the calculations to categorize those possible body types a scale he developed ranging from 1-7.
Categorizing the Ectomorphs as 7-1-1, Mesomorphs as 1-7-1 and Endomorphs as 1-1-7 on the scale.The Somatotype Body Types:
What’s Your Body Type?
THE ECTOMORPH TYPE
An individual who possesses a long and slender physique. This person tends to be taller, skinnier, and considered by many as “slim” or “skinny”.
By the natural of their body frame, Ectomorphs tend to have a harder time retaining body fat and experience a difficult time gaining weight and developing quality muscle mass.
THE MESOMORPH TYPE
An individual who possesses medium bone structures such as wide shoulders, thick femurs, etc.
This person tends to experience a much easier time building quality muscle mass, able to excel at sports (being naturally gifted) and tends to hold lower percentages in body fat.
Mesomorphs tend to be refer to this person as naturally muscular with decent muscle definition.
THE ENDOMORPH TYPE
An individual who possesses a rounded and wider waist frame. This person tend to store and accumulate body fat at a much easier pace comparing to Ectomorph/ Mesomorphs body types.
By nature, endomorphs are built with larger bone structures as their genetics are propositioned to carry on the extra weight.
Many people would call this type of body as “thick” or “big boned” frame.
Those are the three basic somatotype body type: ectomorphs, mesomorphs, and endomorphs.
The body type that you are naturally born with will definitely have a factor on how you develop your fitness.
Although mesomorphs seem to be genetically propositioned to have a frame that’ll allow them to develop and hold muscle mass much easier.
Leaving ectomorphs and endomorphs at a severe disadvantage…
But there is good news! It doesn’t matter which body type you have. You can still obtain a great physique!
You just need to workout harder, eat smarter, and learn the correct methods of muscle building. With those principles in place, you too, can build an impressive physique!
It may take a longer time for ectomorphs and endomorphs.
Your somatotype can reveal a lot about your capacity to succeed in athletic competition. Body-type is at the very center of evaluating athletic capability. Athletics involves the performance of the body. How can you be interested in the way the body functions and at the same time ignore the body’s structure? A somatotype is important because it is like a blueprint. It is impossible to have realistic goals for your body if your analysis isn’t based on reality. The only way to know that reality, is to determine your somatotype. If you are a professional trainer you owe it to your clients to identify their somatotypes so that they don’t push themselves beyond their safe limits. One reason coaches and trainers ignore somatotype is because it may discourage some from spending money that will never bring them to their idealized goal. The arbitrary goal of getting “big” can be just as seductive as anorexia.
Generally, the higher in mesomorphy (muscularity) the more likely you will do well in sports. This doesn’t mean that a person is born an “athlete.” There are a lot of things you can do with muscle. You can be an agile basketball player or a graceful ballet dancer. You can add endomorphy (fat) to mesomorphy (muscle) and have a sumo wrestler or you can take away endomorphy (fat) and reduce ectomorphy (height) and have a jockey. You could also end up using your exceptional endowment of muscle to chop wood, build steel buildings, or pedal a rickshaw.
So, are athletes born? A person’s muscular capacity is inherited, but it is not sufficient to produce an athlete. An athlete needs “muscular” (physical) education to develop skills for specific sports. Competent coaches are counselors as well as teachers, so they should be interested in somatotype. Since somatotype is the frame a person carries throughout their adult life, it’s accurate identification is a logical starting point. Many coaches in Olympic programs understand this.