Pregnancy is the wish of each woman who wants to feel the real womanhood and experience the motherhood. Common pregnancy symptoms range from the nausea to the leg cramps. However, there are several others symptoms that trigger the pregnancy and confirm that woman is pregnant. One more important thing is that woman feels different pregnancy symptoms in different stages or weeks of the pregnancy such as in first trimester, woman feel nosebleeds, constipation and others. Here, we discuss the common pregnancy symptoms and pregnancy test for identifying the pregnancy.
PREGNANCY TEST INTRODUCTION
Pregnancy tests work by detecting human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). HCG is a hormone found only in pregnant women. It is produced by cells in the uterus and is responsible for signaling the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone to help your fetus grow. HCG levels continue to rise as your pregnancy progresses. Both urine and blood pregnancy tests can detect HCG.
EARLY PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS:
Usually, symptoms differ woman to woman, but there are some of the early or first symptoms
- Missed period
- Vomiting and nausea
- Frequent urination
- Swollen, tender breasts
- Light bleeding which is regarded as the implantation bleeding
- Increased sensitivity to the odors
There are some of the pregnancy symptoms according the body changes during the pregnancy. Such as trimester pregnancy symptoms which includes:
- Mood swings
- Varicose veins
- Bleeding gums
- Nasal stuffiness
- Leg cramps
Whenever you experience these symptoms you can go for the pregnancy test for the confirmation of your pregnancy.
PREGNANACY TEST TYPES
There are two main types of pregnancy tests: urine and blood. Both are commonly used to detect pregnancy.
THE URINE TEST
The urine pregnancy test is one of the most popular ways to detect pregnancy. It works by detecting levels of HCG in the urine. Home pregnancy tests are actually urine tests that can be performed in the privacy of your own home. There are a wide variety of urine pregnancy tests available on the market today. Each test ranges in sensitivity, with some urine tests being able to detect HCG levels as low as 15 ml/u.
PERFORMING A HOME PREGNANCY URINE TEST
A home pregnancy test is pretty easy to perform, though each test varies in procedure. Be sure to read the instructions included with the test before you use it. Also check to make sure that the expiration date hasn’t passed. Most urine tests come with a testing strip which, when exposed to urine, detects the presence of HCG. Make sure to read the directions on the packaging, but typical instructsions for performing a home pregnancy urine test are the following
- Remove the test strip from the package.
- Insert the test strip in your urine stream or dip the strip into a cup of urine (follow the instructions on the box).
- Wait for the indicated time (usually a minute or two).
- The test strip should have changed colors or be displaying a symbol that alerts you to whether you are pregnant or not.
THE BLOOD TEST
Pregnancy blood tests are performed at your doctor’s office or health clinic. They detect pregnancy by measuring HCG levels in your blood. There are two types of pregnancy blood tests:
- Quantitative Blood Test
The quantitative blood test detects pregnancy by measuring the exact amount of HCG in your bloodstream. It can also be used to detect how far along you are in your pregnancy.