By Medifit Biologicals

 

GEOGRAPHICAL TONGUE

GEOGRAPHICAL TONGUE 2

GEOGRAPHICAL TONGUE INTRODUCTION/DEFINITION:

Geographic tongue is a multifocal, Pathy irregular area of depapillation of tongue characterized frequent remissions and recurrences

 

GEOGRAPHICAL TONGUE CAUSES:

The exact etiology of geographic tongue not known, Patient often have a positive family history of similar problem. However many investigators believe that emotional stress may precipitate this condition.

 

GEOGRAPHICAL TONGUE PATHOPHYSIOLOGY:

Geographic tongue has been reported with increased frequency in patients with psoriasis and in patients with fissured tongue.

 

GEOGRAPHICAL TONGUE SYMPTOMS:

Clinical Features

  • It can be seen among children as well adult and there is a slight female predilection Geography tongue clinical presents multiple irregular, well demarcated, patchy erythematous areas on the dorsum of the tongue with desquamation of the filiform papilla.
  • At the periphery, these lesion often surrounded by a well-defined, slightly raised, yellowish white, serpiginous line.
  • Geographic tongue mostly a painless, asymptomatic condition, However in few occasions it may produce soreness or burning sensation (Glossodynia).

 

GEOGRAPHICAL TONGUE DIAGNOSIS/INVESTIGATIONS:

Histopathology: Geographic tongue microscopically shows hyperparakeratinization of the covering epithelium of tongue with loss of filiform papilla.

  • Intercellular edema and accumulation of neutrophil polymorphs is seen.
  • Mild inflammatory cell infiltration is present in the underlying connective tissue.

 

GEOGRAPHICAL TONGUE TREATMENT:

There is no specific treatment for geographic tongue. Heavy doses of vitamin may produce some results in few cases.

GEOGRAPHICAL TONGUE 1

By Medifit Biologicals

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