FIBROMATOSIS GINGIVAE INTRODUCTION/DEFINITION:
Fibromatosis Gingivae are benign diffuse infiltrative proliferations of fibroblasts and mature collagen fibers within the gingival tissue.
It is a hereditary condition, which is transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. The disease is probably the result of the developmental abnormality of the fibroblast function.
FIBROMATOSIS GINGIVAE SYMPTOMS:
- Clinically the disease is characterized by localized or generalized fibrous enlargement of the gingiva
- The enlargement mostly appears in young children but may be present at birth or even may not be present at birth or even may not be noticed until adult life.
- Both sexes are equally affected
- The gingiva shows multinodular enlargements especially in the inter dental papilla regions.
- The Hyperplastic tissue is firm, painless and retains the normal coral pink color gingiva
- Gingival fibromatosis can also be associated with the other syndromes, e.g. Cowden’s syndrome and Rutherford’s syndrome (Features of individual syndrome are given in the relevant chapter dealing with syndromes).
FIBROMATOSIS GINGIVAE TREATMENT:
Periodic gingivectomy with placement of gingival acrylic splints for cosmetic and functional reasons