FACIAL HEMIATROPHY INTRODUCTION/DEFINITION:
Facial hemiatrophy is a developmental anomaly Characterized by Progressive decreasing the size of one side of the face due to atrophy of the facial structures.
FACIAL HEMIATROPHY CAUSES:
The exact etiology of the disease is not known however certain possible factors have been identified which can precipitate the condition
These factors include the following:
- Peripheral nerve dysfunction.
- Peripheral trigeminal neuritis
FACIAL HEMIATROPHY PATHOPHYSIOLOGY:
It has been suggested that Facial Hemiatrophy is primarily caused by arrest of development during growing period or toward the end of it.
FACIAL HEMIATROPHY SYMPTOMS:
- The condition usually begins in the first or second decade of life. Many cases may be present since birth.
- Initially a slightly depressed vertical furrow or line is noticed at the midline of the forehead and eyebrow.
- As the condition progresses, facial tissue on the affected side including the skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle and bone etc. become atrophic resulting in facial deformity
FACIAL HEMIATROPHY TREATMENTS:
There is no effective treatment for facial hemiatrophy. Progression of the condition ceases after certain age and it remains static thereafter for the remaining part of life.