EXERCISE & KINESIOLOGY
KINESIOLOGY comes from the Greek words kinesis (movement) and kinein (to move), also known as human kinetics, is the science of human movement. It focuses on Physical Activity. Kinesiologists work in research, the fitness industry, clinically, and in industrial environments. Studies on human motion may be supported by computer vision, using stereo camera systems for pose recognition and motion modeling.
HUMAN KINETICS which is also known as human kinetics, is the science of human movement. It focuses on how the body functions and moves. A kinesiological approach applies scientific based medical principles towards the analysis, preservation and enhancement of human movement in all settings and populations
The American Kinesiology Association defines kinesiology as “the academic discipline which involves the study of physical activity and its impact on health, society, and quality of life”. As a discipline kinesiology draws on several sources of knowledge including knowledge gained from personal and corporate physical activity experiences, professional practices centered in physical activity, and knowledge gained through scholarly study and research of physical activity itself. Although the discipline is most often associated with the latter of these, the AKA recognizes that the body of knowledge of kinesiology is informed by and defined by the other two sources as well. Ultimately, the uniqueness of kinesiology as a discipline is its embrace and integration of a multi-dimensional study and application of physical activity— biological, medical and health-related aspects, but also psychological, social-humanistic, and a variety of professional perspectives as well. Although individual departments may choose to shape their curricula and research agendas around select aspects of the discipline such institutional preferences should not be interpreted as a complete and comprehensive definition of the discipline.
Kinesiology, also known as human kinetics, is the scientific study of human movement. Kinesiology addresses physiological, mechanical, and psychological mechanisms. Applications of kinesiology to human health include biomechanics and orthopedics; strength and conditioning; sport psychology; methods of rehabilitation, such as physical and occupational therapy; and sport and exercise. Individuals who have earned degrees in kinesiology can work in research, the fitness industry, clinical settings, and in industrial environments.
WHAT IS A KINESIOLOGIST?
Kinesiologists are human movement specialists. The role of the kinesiologist is to evaluate physical activity-related matters and recommend solutions in health, exercise, sport, industry, business, education, rehabilitation and social settings. Kinesiologists design and implement exercise programs related to human performance, ergonomics, occupational health and safety and lifestyle management.
This definition reflects the idea of kinesiology not just as rehabilitative, but preventative and promoting general wellness. Some areas of kinesiology practice include:
- injury rehabilitation;
- pain and chronic disease management;
- athletic training;
KINESIOLOGY & EXERCISE
Kinesiology places a strong emphasis on prevention and enhancement, and utilizes exercise and improved movement to achieve a better quality of life for individuals. Proper diet and exercise not only help in recovering from injury, but can also help prevent heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and many other common conditions.
KINESIOLOGY HEALTH SERVICES
Kinesiologists working in the health promotion industry focus on working with individuals to enhance the health, fitness, and well-being of the individual. Kinesiologists can be found working in fitness facilities, personal training/corporate wellness facilities, and industry.
Kinesiologists work with individuals with disabling conditions to assist in regaining their optimal physical function. They work with individuals in their home, fitness facilities, rehabilitation clinics, and at the worksite. They also work alongside physiotherapists.
Kinesiologists work in industry to assess suitability of design of workstations and provide suggestions for modifications and assistive devices.
Health and Safety:
Kinesiologists are involved in consulting with industry to identify hazards and provide recommendations and solutions to optimize the health and safety of workers.
Disability Management/Case Coordination:
Kinesiologists recommend and provide a plan of action to return an injured individual to their optimal function in all aspects of life.
Management/Research/Administration/Health and Safety:
Kinesiologists frequently fulfill roles in all above areas, perform research, and manage businesses.
KINESIOLOGY & ATHLETE
Adaptation through exercise is a key principle of kinesiology that relates to improved fitness in athletes as well as health and wellness in clinical populations. Exercise is a simple and established intervention for many movement disorders and musculoskeletal conditions due to the neuroplasticity of the brain and the adaptability of the musculoskeletal system. Therapeutic exercise has been shown to improve neuromotor control and motor capabilities in both normal and pathological populations.
There are many different types of exercise interventions that can be applied in kinesiology to athletic, normal, and clinical populations. Aerobic exercise interventions help to improve cardiovascular endurance. Anaerobic strength training programs can increase muscular strength, power, and lean body mass. Decreased risk of falls and increased neuromuscular control can be attributed to balance intervention programs. Flexibility programs can increase functional range of motion and reduce the risk of injury.
As a whole, exercise programs can reduce symptoms of depression and risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Additionally, they can help to improve quality of life, sleeping habits, immune system function, and body composition.
The study of the physiological responses to physical exercise and their therapeutic applications is known as exercise physiology, which is an important area of research within kinesiology.