CORTICO VERSUS ANABOLIC STEROIDS
There are two types of steroids present within the body.
1. Anabolic androgenic steroids &
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, anabolic steroids are synthetic substances related to the male sex hormones (androgens). They promote growth of skeletal muscle (anabolic effect) and the development of male sexual characteristics (androgenic effects).
The proper term for these compounds actually is “anabolic / androgenic” steroids:
- “anabolic” refers to muscle-building
- “androgenic” refers to increased masculine characteristics
- “steroids” refers to the class of drugs
Anabolic steroids are available legally only by prescription, to treat conditions that occur when the body produces abnormally low amounts of testosterone, such as delayed puberty and some types of impotence. They are also prescribed to treat body wasting in patients with AIDS and other diseases that result in loss of lean muscle mass.
The androgenic/anabolic steroids are hormones made in the body to regulate the manufacture of testosterone in the testicles and ovaries. The androgenic part of testosterone is involved in developing the male sex characteristics, while the anabolic part is involved in increasing the amount of body tissue by increasing protein production. The pituitary gland, located at the base of the brain, helps regulate testosterone production and hormone secretion. Growth hormone and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) are among the hormones that stimulate testis and ovary function and are two of the many hormones secreted by the pituitary.
Anabolic and androgenic steroids are available as prescription medications to be used in cases in which the body does not make enough hormones and supplementation may be required. Some hormone supplements in this pathway include growth hormone and testosterone itself. These medications are legally prescribed by health-care providers, but this group of drugs is often used illegally and abused to help increase athletic performance and improve body appearance. When used in a well-nourished body, anabolic steroids will cause weight gain primarily due to an increase in muscle mass
The second type of steroids are Corticosteroids or glucocorticoids, often just called “steroids”, are drugs closely related to cortisol, a hormone which is naturally produced in the adrenal cortex (the outer layer of the adrenal gland). Corticosteroids act on the immune system by blocking the production of substances that trigger allergic and inflammatory actions, such as prostaglandins.
Corticosteroids are produced in the adrenal gland located above the kidney. These hormones include aldosterone, which helps regulate sodium concentration in the body, and cortisol, which plays many roles in the body, including serving as part of the body’s stress response system to decrease inflammation. Commonly prescribed corticosteroid medications, like prednisone, prednisolone, and dexamethasone are available to be taken by mouth, intravenously, or by intramuscular injection and may be used to treat diseases like asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus in which inflammation is part of the disease process. The use of steroid ointments and creams on the skin, liketriamcinolone and betamethasone, is common in the treatment of dermatitis (derm=skin + itis=inflammation).
Cortico steroids are not used for skeletal muscle building or for body building. Many body builders in India take cortico steroids for body building.
strictly advices to avoid corticosteroids for Muscle and body building. Bodybuilder should never touch corticosteroids, unless and until prescribed by their physician for medical conditions.