By Medifit Biologicals

CHONDROMA (BENIGN NEOPLASM OF CARTILAGE TISSUE)

CHONDROMA (BENIGN NEOPLASM OF CARTILAGE TISSUE) DEFINATION

Chondroma are benign neoplasm of cartilaginous tissue origin and are consisting of mature chondrocytes.

 

CHONDROMA (BENIGN NEOPLASM OF CARTILAGE TISSUE) CLINICAL FEATURE:

Age: Chondroma of the jawbone usually occur between age of 30 to 60 years

Sex: Both sexes are almost equally affected

Site: Chondroma frequently affect the anterior part of the maxilla. Whenever mandible is affected, the area of preference will be the symphysis, premolar-molar area, the condyle and the coronoid process. Beside this, the nasal septum is also affected.

 

CHONDROMA (BENIGN NEOPLASM OF CARTILAGE TISSUE) PRESENTATION:

  • The neoplasm causes a slow enlarging, painless, bony hard swelling of the jawbone.
  • Expansion and distortion of the cortical palates often occur, and most of the lesions are painful.
  • The overlying covering epithelium is usually smooth and normal appearing. However on few occasions the epithelium may become ulcerated due to trauma.

 

CHONDROMA (BENIGN NEOPLASM OF CARTILAGE TISSUE) RADIOGRAPHIC FEATURES:

  • Radiographic appearance of Chondroma is not very pathognomonic. Some lesions produce an ill-defined radiolucency in the jaw bone, containing few irregular foci of radiopacities.
  • Most of the lesions cause resorption of roots of the adjacent teeth.

 

CHONDROMA (BENIGN NEOPLASM OF CARTILAGE TISSUE) HISTOPATHOLOGY:

  • The lesion consist of well-defined lobules of hyaline cartilage, containing multiple mature chondrocytes
  • An intervening fibrous tissue septa is present.
  • There are many areas of calcification within the lesion.

 

CHONDROMA (BENIGN NEOPLASM OF CARTILAGE TISSUE) DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS:

  • Ossifying postsurgical bony defect.
  • Chronic Osteomyelitis.
  • Osteogenic sarcoma
  • Ossifying or centifying fibroma
  • Ossifying hematoma.

 

CHONDROMA (BENIGN NEOPLASM OF CARTILAGE TISSUE) TREATMENT:

Surgical excision.

 

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