By Medifit Biologicals

 

CHERUBISM

Cherubism 2

CHERUBISM DEFINITION

Cherubism is a hereditary disease, which affects only the jaw bones and it is characterized by bilaterally symmetrical enlargement of mandible or sometime the maxilla

 

CHERUBISM CAUSES:

Cherubism is a hereditary disease, however, according to many investigator it can occur to the following reasons

  • Anomalous development of bone
  • Latent hyperparathyroidism
  • Trauma
  • Disturbance in the development of bone forming mesenchyme

 

 

CHERUBISM  SYMPTOMS:

Age: effects young individuals usually at the age of around 5years

Sex: More common in males than females

The disease follows the familiar pattern and several members of the same family may be affected

Bilateral, painless, Symmetric swelling develops in mandible or sometimes in maxilla that gives raise to typical chubby face.

Patient with Cherubism commonly exhibits increased chick fullness, expansion and whiting of the alveolar ridge, flatting palatal vault.

 

CHERUBISM  DIAGNOSIS/ INVESTIGATION:

Radiological features:

  • The involved jaw bone radiographically shows well defined, multi locular, cyst like radiolucent areas with expansion and thinning of the cortical plates
  • Radiographs also reveals displacement of the inferior alveolar canal or obliteration of the maxillary antrum in few cases

 

Differential Diagnosis:

  • Fibrous dysplasia of bone
  • Hyper parathyroidism
  • Histiocytosis
  • Gorlin Goltz syndrome

 

CHERUBISM  TREATMENT:

No treatment is required

Cherubism is a self-limiting disease that regresses spontaneously after puberty.

Cherubism 1

By Medifit Biologicals

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