Bodybuilding, a regimen of exercises designed to enhance the human body’s muscular development and promote general health and fitness. As a competitive activity, bodybuilding aims to display in artistic fashion pronounced muscle mass, symmetry, and definition for overall aesthetic effect. Barbells, dumbbells, and other resistance training devices are used in the exercises. For the use of similar exercises for sports training and conditioning, general conditioning, and rehabilitation therapy.
The roots of bodybuilding go all the way back to ancient Greece. It was the athletes of ancient Greece who used to train in the gymnasiums (Greek for “naked place”); however, they did not use resistance training as a form of body modification but rather a means to improve at the sport they participated in.
The most notable of such athletes was Olympic wrestling champion Milo of Croton who reportedly would carry a calf on his back every day until it became a bull, thus demonstrating progressive resistance as a means of developing strength.
The “Grecian Ideal” would also go on to influence modern day bodybuilding as the aesthetic standard that modern bodybuilders would aim to achieve.
It was in 11th century India that bodybuilding as we know it first arrived on the scene. It was back then the Indians would use primitive dumbbell weights carved from stone for the sole purpose of getting bigger and stronger, it is also reported that by the 16th century weight lifting had become a national past time in India.
BODYBUILDING AS SPORT
Bodybuilding as a sport came to the public in the late nineteenth century in Europe and coincided with the advent of photography. Promoters would often send pictures of bodybuilders along with promotional materials to encourage people to buy products.
From the first name in bodybuilding Eugen Sandow to the incomparable Arnold Schwarzenegger, bodybuilding has grown in the public eye as a sport and as a discipline, and remains an intense discipline followed and practiced by a dedicated audience to this day.
Not to be left behind, female bodybuilding began in the 1960s, but the first contest in which female contestants were judged solely on muscular development was the U.S. Women’s National Physique Championship in 1978. This is considered the beginning of true female bodybuilding.
Since that time, female bodybuilding has grown into its own, introducing its own standard of perfection more geared towards the female form. It has its own following, makes its own stars, and has enough history to merit its own Hall of Fame, which was established in 1999.
Bodybuilding is much like any other sport.
To be successful, you must dedicate yourself 100% to your training, diet and mental approach.
by Arnold Schwarzenegger