AERATED DRINKS (SOFT DRINKS)
ABSTRACT OF AERATED DRINKS
This is how the roasted grain beverage is commonly addressed across the globe. This hot beverage is prepared from one or more cereal grains, being roasted and commercially processed into crystal or powder form to be reconstituted later in hot water. Popular as a caffeine-free alternative to coffee and tea, some of the common ingredients of this beverage include almond, acorn, asparagus, malted barley, beechnut, beetroot, carrot, chicory root, corn, cottonseed, dandelion root, fig, boiled-down molasses, okra seed, pea, persimmon seed, potato peel, rye, sassafras pits, sweet potato, wheat bran. Imitating the taste of coffee with a “grainy” tinge, it can be used for medical, economic and religious reasons. Available in varied flavors, colors and aromas, these beverages experiencing an all-natural special processing are high in vitamins and minerals.
As per the surveys, the consumption of sugar sweetened drinks and childhood obesity are directly linked. What more, the popularity of these drinks have outranked the global milk consumption ratio within just a few years. Most of the companies engaged in this domain directly target school children and youngsters, while aggressively market their products.
INVENTION OF AERATED DRINKS
The aerated drinks are manufactured by passing the liquid through air by means of fountains, cascades, paddle-wheels or cones. This includes passing air through liquid by means of the venturi tubes, aeration turbines, fine bubble diffusers, coarse bubble diffusers or linear aeration tubings.
Aerated mineral water and other drinks were all the rage in the early 1800s, due to the purported healing properties of spa waters from Germany, England and other countries. Soon a process was invented for artificial aeration and businessmen like Joseph Schweppe seized the opportunity to mass-produce seltzer and soda water. Many commercial sugar-based beverages were first developed around the mid- to late-nineteenth century. However, it was not until the 1960s and the initial mass popularity of Coca Cola that cold, non-alcoholic, bottled drinks began to constitute a substantial proportion of the total number of drinks consumed.
Undergoing various market trends, the aerated drinks majors have launched their improvised versions, e.g. Diet Coke Plus. These calorie-free beverage are loaded with vitamins (B3, B6, B12, etc.) and minerals (zinc, magnesium, etc.). Providing great and refreshing taste, these aerated drinks claim to have an impact in more than 200 countries and a rate exceeding 1.4 billion servings each day.
HARD/SOFT FACTS OF AERATED DRINKS
In accordance to Worldwatch report, these aerated drinks could be a major health risk in disguise. Being regarded as ‘fashion’ especially among the youth, this colorful liquid does the task of adding up dangerous toxins to your body. If we go by the scientific studies, then it’s revealed that 1 to 1.5 liters of soft drinks a day can raise risks of numerous health problems, including:
- Tooth Decay: The acidic nature of these drinks corrodes the teeth by eroding their enamels. Furthermore, high amount of sugar consumed through soft drinks lead to the development of bacteria, thus aggravating dental problems.
- Obesity: Mainly composed of filtered H2O, artificial additives and refined sugar; the aerated drinks lack nutritional value. They contain aspartame (an artificial low-calorie sweetener) that makes you feel hungry and craving for food. This, in turn adds up calories, thus layering pounds to your body.
- Laziness: The aspartame included in these drinks also causes migraines, dizziness and the worst- it reduces your memory.
- Malnutrition: Some people who are addicted to soft drinks deprive themselves from food until they become victims of malnutrition.
- Other Stomach Problems: The phosphoric acid present in soft drink competes with the hydrochloric acid of the stomach and affects its functions. When the stomach becomes ineffective, food remains undigested causing indigestion, gas or bloating (swelling of stomach).
- Effect on Kidneys: Kidneys are less able to excrete phosphoric acid when it is in excess. Thus, there is extra work for kidney. Aerated drinks do the work of removing Calcium from the body, causing an excess amount of Calcium that tend to be deposited in kidney, resulting in nephrolithiasis (kidney stones).
- Effect on Skin: These drinks lack vitamins and minerals. The people consuming these regularly cut their intake of fresh juices, milk and even water. Deprive themselves from essential vitamins and minerals, they make their skin more prone to wrinkles and aging.
- Effect on Bones: Phosphoric acid, present in carbonated drinks is violently poisonous. It de-oxidizes blood in the human body, removing Ca²+ from bones causing osteoporosis (porous bones).
- Effect of Caffeine: In most of carbonated beverages, caffeine is deliberately added to make it addictive. Caffeine in carbonated drink is more readily absorbed than any other drink (like coffee, chocolate etc.). Caffeine disturbs sleep by stimulating nervous system. It also makes premenstrual syndrome worse, causes dehydration and induces stomach to produce acids, aggravating hyperacidity.
SIDE EFFECTS OF AERATED DRINKS
- It has been experimentally proved that soft drinks are one of the prominent reasons for obesity. The weight gain is directly related to the amount of soft drink that a person takes in. With every single can, people unknowingly add many extra calories to their body weight.
- Another very common effect of soft drinks is diabetes. With every can of soft drink, people add large amount of sugar in their body. Long habitual intake of soft drinks can lead to ineffective insulin production from pancreases which consequently affect the sugar level in the body. This further leads to diabetes.
- It has been proved that frequent consumption of soft drink can lead to weakening of the bones and osteoporosis. Soft drinks impair the calcification of the growing bones in children.
- Studies also say that soft drinks increase the risk of tooth decay. The acidic content of soft drinks can dissolve the tooth enamel and make them weaker. It is recommended that people should avoid taking soft drinks between meals to prevent dental erosion and tooth decay.
- This fact may shock you, but is quite true. Researches have proved that constant and habitual intake of soft drink can lead to kidney stones formation. This happens because of the acidic and mineral radical balance. The body tries to buffer the acidity caused by the soft drinks with the calcium from the bones. This leads to calcium erosion, which ultimately gets settled in the kidney in the form of stones.
- Soft drink also leads to impaired digestive system. Soft drink contains phosphoric acid which competes with the hydrochloric acid present in stomach and affects its functioning. The ineffectiveness of stomach leads to undigested food which further causes indigestion and gassiness.
- Soft drinks cause dehydration in the body. Both the sugar and caffeine components of soft drinks are dehydrating agents. They both lead to excess urination, which makes you thirstier than before.
- Soft drinks have strong caffeine content. Caffeine causes irritability, restlessness, tension, high blood pressure, excessive urination and other side effects. It is also believed that soft drinks increase blood pressure. Some studies also claim that soft drink has harmful effects on liver.
- The sweetener used in soft drinks is Aspartame. It is 200 times sweeter than normal sugar and is far more harmful with many side effects.
- Next time, when head towards the refrigerator or a store to satiate your thirst with a can of soft drink, make sure you remind yourself of all the side effects that gulping down the beverage will bring forth.